DIFFERENTIAL ROLE OF THE RasGEFs SOS1 AND SOS2 IN MOUSE SKIN HOMEOSTASIS AND CARCINOGENESIS
Speaker: Fernando Calvo Baltanás
Centro de Investigación del Cáncer (CIC-IBMCC), laboratorio 1
Salón de Actos del Centro de Investigación del Cáncer
Using Sos1-KO, Sos2-KO and Sos1/2-DKO mice, we assessed the functional role of Sos1 and Sos2 in skin homeostasis under physiological and/or pathological conditions. Sos1 depletion resulted in significant alterations of skin homeostasis including reduced keratinocyte proliferation, altered hair follicle and blood vessel integrity in dermis, and reduced adipose tissue in hypodermis. These defects worsened significantly when both Sos1 and Sos2 were absent. Simultaneous Sos1/2 disruption led to severe impairment of the ability to repair skin wounds as well as to almost complete ablation of the neutrophil-mediated inflammatory response in the injury site. Furthermore, Sos1 disruption delayed the onset of tumor initiation, decreased tumor growth and prevented malignant progression of papillomas in a DMBA/TPA-induced skin carcinogenesis model. Finally, Sos1 depletion in preexisting chemically-induced papillomas resulted also in decreased tumor growth, probably linked to significantly reduced underlying keratinocyte proliferation.
Our data unveil novel, distinctive mechanistic roles of Sos 1 and Sos2 in physiological control of skin homeostasis and wound repair as well as in pathological development of chemically induced skin tumors. These observations underscore the essential role of Sos proteins in cellular proliferation and migration and support the consideration of these RasGEFs as potential biomarkers/therapy targets in Ras-driven epidermal tumors.