A missense mutation in HSF2BP causing Primary Ovarian Insufficiency affects meiotic recombination by its novel interactor C19ORF57/MIDAP
Speaker: Natalia Felipe-Medina
Centro de Investigación del Cáncer (CIC-IBMCC)
Salón de actos del Centro de Investigación del Cáncer
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) is a major cause of infertility, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Using whole-exome sequencing in a family with 3 cases of POI, we identified the candidate missense variant S167L in HSF2BP, an essential meiotic gene. Functional analysis of the HSF2BP-S167L variant in mouse, compared to a new HSF2BP knock-out mouse showed that it behaves as a hypomorphic allele. HSF2BP-S167L females show reduced fertility with small litter sizes. To obtain mechanistic insights, we identified C19ORF57/MIDAP as a strong interactor and stabilizer of HSF2BP by forming a higher-order macromolecular structure involving BRCA2, RAD51, RPA and PALB2. Meiocytes bearing the HSF2BP-S167L mutation showed a strongly decreased expression of both MIDAP and HSF2BP at the recombination nodules. Although HSF2BP-S167L does not affect heterodimerization between HSF2BP and MIDAP, it promotes a lower expression of both proteins and a less proficient activity in replacing RPA by the recombinases RAD51/DMC1, thus leading to a lower frequency of cross-overs. Our results provide insights into the molecular mechanism of two novel actors of meiosis underlying non-syndromic ovarian insufficiency.