A missense in HSF2BP causing Primary Ovarian Insufficiency affects meiotic recombination by its novel interactor C19ORF57/BRME1
Natalia Felipe Medina
Centro de Investigación del Cáncer (CIC-IBMCC), lab. 9
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) is a major cause of infertility, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Using whole-exome sequencing in a family with 3 cases of POI, we identified the candidate missense variant S167L in HSF2BP, an essential meiotic gene. Functional analysis of the HSF2BP-S167L variant in mouse showed that it behaves as a hypomorphic allele compared to a new loss of function (knock-out) mouse model. Hsf2bpS167L/S167L females show reduced fertility with smaller litter sizes. To obtain mechanistic insights, we identified C19ORF57/BRME1 as a strong interactor and stabilizer of HSF2BP and showed that the BRME1/HSF2BP protein complex co-immunoprecipitates with BRCA2, RAD51, RPA and PALB2. Although the variant HSF2BP-S167L does not affect heterodimerization between HSF2BP and BRME1, mice bearing this mutation showed a strongly reduction in the expression of both proteins and a less proficient activity in replacing RPA by the recombinases RAD51/DMC1, thus leading to a lower frequency of cross-overs. Our results provide insights into the molecular mechanism of two novel actors of meiosis underlying non-syndromic ovarian insufficiency.